Check attachments.PADM 7213
Due 10/24/2022 by 5:30 PM
A) Your supervisor at the university wants to know what variables predict MPA student success. You read the following article:
Ragothaman, S., Carpenter, J., & Davies, T. (2009). An empirical investigation of MPA student performance and admissions criteria.
College Student Journal,
1) How do the authors measure the dependent variable, student success?
2) What are the effect sizes of EACH of the correlations with GPA as shown in the correlations in Table 2? What is the largest effect size? Explain.
3) What variables are statistically significant predictors of GPA in Model 1, Table 3? Why?
4) Model 2 in Table 3 adds some variables to the model- are either of these statistically significant? Why?
5) Please write a 1-2 paragraph summary, in non-technical language, that explains to your boss which variables matter for graduate GPA. Please also discuss which variables
do not seem to matter.
Note that this article does not report betas so it is impossible to determine which variable is the most important.
B) You are the director of development for a large nonprofit that runs a variety of different programs. You have heard that targeting companies with more women on the board may lead to grant success. You find the following article
Williams, R. J. (2003). Women on corporate boards of directors and their influence on corporate philanthropy.
Journal of Business Ethics,
Note that this article DOES report betas so you CAN determine which variable is the most important.
1) How does the author measure female participation on corporate boards? (The “women” variable?)
2) Look at the first regression in Table II (GIVING in total):
a) Which variables in the model are statistically significant? Why?
b) Which variable is most important? Why? Is “Women” still relatively important? Why?
3) Now look at the rest of the models in Table II. Each of these uses corporate giving for specific areas of need as the dependent variable: Education, Community Services, Arts, and Public Policy.
a) Please fill in the table below:
Beta for “Women”
“Women” statistically significant?
All giving (Example)
Yes, p = .0016
b) Based on the results above, what types of grants get funded more with women on the board?
c) Please write a non-technical 1-2 paragraph summary detailing a grant strategy based on these results. Which types of grants are predicted by women being on the board? Which are not? What is your recommendation for the types of grants to pursue?
2ABSTRACT. This study examined the relationship
between the proportion of women serving on firms’
boards of directors and the extent to which these same
firms engaged in charitable giving activities. Using a
sample of 185
Fortune 500 firms for the 1991–1994
time period, the results provide strong support for the
notion that firms having a higher proportion of
women serving on their boards do engage in chari-
table giving to a greater extent than firms having a
lower proportion of women serving on their boards.
Further, the results suggest a link between the per-
centage of women on boards and firm philanthropy
in the areas of community service and the arts, but
found no link between women boardmembers and
firm giving to support education or public policy
issues. The implications of the findings and some areas
for future research are discussed.
KEY WORDS: boards of directors, corporate phil-
anthropy, female directors, firm reputation, inside
directors, outside directors
In recent years, the number of women serving
on corporate boards of directors has been steadily
increasing. Although still relatively small in
number, there is some anecdotal evidence that
the number of women serving on a firm’s board
does exert some influence on the level of a
firm’s involvement in activities related to corpo-
rate social responsibility (CSR) (Stanwick and
Stanwick, 1998; Wang and Coffey, 1992). One
component of CSR, the firm’s level of charitable
giving and how it is influenced by the number
of women serving on the firm’s board, has been
the subject of some limited research interest in
recent years (Ibrahim and Angelidis, 1994; Wang
and Coffey, 1992).
Women are slowly gaining on men in their
practice of philanthropy, especially in the realm
of corporate philanthropy. As the percentage of
women serving on corporate boards steadily
increases, women will play a larger role in deter-
mining how firms allocate their budgets for char-
itable activities. Professional fundraisers and
development officers should be prepared to learn
more about those factors that motivate women
in their charitable giving. Being knowledgeable
of these factors will assist the professional
fundraiser in allocating his/her limited time and
resources, and should improve his/her chances of
reaching fundraising goals (Newman, 1996).
Recently, several characteristics about women
and their motivation to give to charity have been
identified primarily through interviews and ques-
tionnaires. Women report that they tend to favor
new projects over existing causes, they favor
funding specific projects rather than unrestricted
gifts, and they gravitate to scholarships and social
programs (Gutner, 2000). Further, women report
they are generally more responsive to giving
in a crisis situation than are men. Women tend
to view charitable giving as a means to help
others and the community at large, and as a way
Women on Corporate Boards
of Directors and their Influence
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