Science.docxScience & Western Civilization Unit 1
Unit 1 Early Humans : First stop on the journey: Where did it all start?
A. Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age): 135,000 years ago
What archeologists have discovered so far is that the first hominids (bipeds with human
characteristics) appeared on Earth about 3 or 4 million years ago.
By 135,000 years ago, early human beings emerged. They needed shelter, protection from
animals and the elements, and food. They often lived in caves in groups of about 20
individuals, led a hunter/gatherer existence, discovered how to make and use fire, produced
cave art, and developed an understanding of the nature of plants and animals, and primitive
astronomy.
B. Early Neolithic Era (New Stone Age): 12,000 years ago
The people learned how to farm and domesticate animals. They produced textiles, pottery for
storing food, and built permanent structures. Because they had a steady supply of food that
could be stored, these small tribes could support more people, provide protection, share
skills and goods. They developed into decentralized, self-sufficient settled villages; which
supported collections of families united into tribes.
Farming arose in several locations around the world more or less simultaneously; why?
What situations were common to all of them?
C Assignment
Read and Reflect upon the assigned readings; 2 -3 pages
Ideas to keep in mind:
What the culture/society was like. Imagine living there.
** The impact that science and technology had on this time in history .
How this society grew out of the past.
How these issues are relevant in today’s world.
*Identify where your information came from (text, website, newspaper)
Required reading:
Unit 1: Early Humans, the Paleolithic and Neolithic Eras
Read Either STWH Chapters 1 & 2 OR the Website articles
Science & Western Civilization Unit 1
Unit 1 Early Humans : First stop on the journey: Where did it all start?
A. Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age): 135,000 years ago
What archeologists have discovered so far is that the first hominids (bipeds with human
characteristics) appeared on Earth about 3 or 4 million years ago.
By 135,000 years ago, early human beings emerged. They needed shelter, protection from
animals and the elements, and food. They often lived in caves in groups of about 20
individuals, led a hunter/gatherer existence, discovered how to make and use fire, produced
cave art, and developed an understanding of the nature of plants and animals, and primitive
astronomy.
B. Early Neolithic Era (New Stone Age): 12,000 years ago
The people learned how to farm and domesticate animals. They produced textiles, pottery for
storing food, and built permanent structures. Because they had a steady supply of food that
could be stored, these small tribes could support more people, provide protection, share
skills and goods. They developed into decentralized, self-sufficient settled villages; which
supported collections of families united into tribes.
Farming arose in several locations around the world more or less simultaneously; why?
What situations were common to all of them?
C Assignment
Read and Reflect upon the assigned readings; 2 -3 pages
Ideas to keep in mind:
What the culture/society was like. Imagine living there.
** The impact that science and technology had on this time in history .
How this society grew out of the past.
How these issues are relevant in today’s world.
*Identify where your information came from (text, website, newspaper)
Required reading:
Unit 1: Early Humans, the Paleolithic and Neolithic Eras
Read Either STWH Chapters 1 & 2 OR the Website articles

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