I need the chart filled out based on the two reference articlesOlympic article chart.docxRead the following two short articles about air quality at the Beijing 2008
Olympics
Answer the questions in the chart with complete sentences. Be sure to cite all
your sources.
China can’t fully fix air quality problem for Olympics. (2008, July 16). Space Daily.
Beijing able to honor Olympic commitments: City party chief. (2008, July 21). Xinhua News Agency.
According to Each
Article
What is the cause of
the poor air quality?
What steps is the
Chinese government
taking to improve the
air quality?
How effective have
these steps been?
What is the stance—
attitude and tone—of
the article? Provide
examples to support
your interpretation.
In what way may the
differences between
these articles be
attributed to
governmental influence
on the media?
In describing libertarian
perspectives, Vivian
states that “human
beings (can) come to
know great truths by
applying reason” (2011,
p. 399). How is this
attitude reflected in the
American article?
Vivian states that the
premise of authoritarian
media systems is that
“the government is
infallible, which places
its policies beyond
questioning” (2011, p.
397). How is this
American Source
Chinese Source
attitude reflected in the
Chinese article?
Vivian, J. (2011). The
media of mass
communication (10th
ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn
& Bacon.
Articles
China Can’t Fully Fix Air Quality Problem
For Olympics
Staff Writers. UPI Space Daily [Washington] 16 July 2008.
1. Full text
2. Details
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Translate Full text
Narragansett RI (SPX) Jul 16, 2008
The outlook for air quality in Beijing during the Olympics is borderline, and there’s little that the
Chinese government can do to improve it. That’s the conclusion drawn by a University of Rhode
Island atmospheric chemist who analyzed pollution data collected regularly for the last five years
by Chinese scientists.
“There is both a local component and a regional component to the pollutants that cause unhealthy
air in Beijing, and the severity of their effects are driven by weather fronts and winds,” said
Kenneth Rahn, a retired URI professor who travels to China several times a year to help
scientists at Tsinghua University interpret their data.
“Since it’s controlled by the weather, it will be a matter of luck whether the bad air periods
correspond with days of outdoor Olympic events.”
Locally generated pollutants in Beijing consist primarily of organic matter from transportation,
factories and cooking, while regional sources of pollution include ammonium sulfates and
ammonium nitrates from coal-burning power plants, industry and transportation sources, which
are easily transported long distances in the atmosphere, according to Rahn.
“The air pollution pattern in Beijing is unusual, with high and low concentrations that can differ
by a factor of 50 to 100,” Rahn said.
“When the winds shift to the north and bring in clear air from Mongolia, the air can be relatively
clean, though that’s not the norm during the summer. But when winds are from the south, where
there is a large population and lots of industrial activity, the air can be particularly hazardous.”
When air quality in Beijing is at its worst, Rahn says, most of the pollutants come from distant
sources, making it virtually impossible for local efforts to lead to the kind of improvements that
the government would like.
“It’s one thing to take steps to try to clean up a big city, but unless they also clean up the
surrounding provinces, it’s going to have a minor effect,” said Rahn. “They’ve tried to relocate
some of the polluting industries over time, and Beijing has gotten a little cleaner each year
because of it, but the background pollutants still blow in just the same.”
The government’s plan to reduce pollution during the Olympics focuses on cutting automobile
use in half while also temporarily shutting down factories and other large polluters. Rahn said
that it is an expensive plan, since the government must reimburse the factories for their economic
losses, and the plan will remain in place through the conclusion of the Paralympic Games in late
September.
A test run of the transportation component of the pollution reduction plan conducted last summer
resulted in undetectable air quality improvements.
“I sympathize with them. They’re doing all the right things, but unfortunately the right things
may not be good enough,” Rahn said.
“There will surely be some good days and some bad days. But the meteorological uncertainties
mean that you can’t predict how bad it will be more than two or three days ahead, and that may
not be enough time for them to reschedule the marathon or the long-distance bike races.
“My advice to them at this point is to keep up the good work and then pray to the Mongolian
Weather Gods to send cold fronts. That’s their best hope for clean air.”
Beijing able to honor Olympic commitments:
city Party chief
Anonymous. Xinhua News Agency – CEIS [Woodside] 21 July 2008.
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Abstract
Translate Abstract
“As I said in my presentation to the IOC in 2001, the three concepts for the Beijing Olympic
Games are Green Olympics, High-tech Olympics and People’s Olympics. Our objective is to
spread the Olympic spirit among people, especially the 400 million young people in China.”
“For example, we had Shougang Steel Group relocate most operations to outside Beijing and
reduce steel output at its Beijing plant. Also shut down was the Beijing Coking Factory and a
chemical plant of Beijing Yanshan Petrochemical Group. As a result, more than 64 percent of the
days in 2007 was of Grade II or better air quality.”
He added Beijing’s afforested land increased significantly. “We have so far fulfilled all the
objectives of ‘Green Olympics.'”
Full Text


Translate Full text
Beijing able to honor Olympic commitments: city Party chief
BEIJING, July 21 (Xinhua) — Following seven years of preparation, Beijing is able to honor its
Olympic commitment to the international community, according to the city’s Communist Party
chief.
Liu Qi, also the Beijing Organizing Committee for the 2008 Olympic Games (BOCOG)
president, made the remark in an interview with the People’s Daily, the Chinese Communist
Party official newspaper.
He attributed the confidence to the strong leadership of the Party and the State Council, the
support of Chinese both at home and abroad, and the aid from the International Olympic
Committee (IOC) and the international community.
“As I said in my presentation to the IOC in 2001, the three concepts for the Beijing Olympic
Games are Green Olympics, High-tech Olympics and People’s Olympics. Our objective is to
spread the Olympic spirit among people, especially the 400 million young people in China.”
Liu said the city had put an emphasis on controlling air pollution and promoting landscape
greening to fulfil the Green Olympics concept.
“For example, we had Shougang Steel Group relocate most operations to outside Beijing and
reduce steel output at its Beijing plant. Also shut down was the Beijing Coking Factory and a
chemical plant of Beijing Yanshan Petrochemical Group. As a result, more than 64 percent of the
days in 2007 was of Grade II or better air quality.”
He added Beijing’s afforested land increased significantly. “We have so far fulfilled all the
objectives of ‘Green Olympics.'”
Liu said engineers and technicians had made a lot of innovations in the construction of Olympic
venues such as the National Stadium and the Aquatic Center and that was an manifestation of
“High-tech Olympics.”
“To carry out the People’s Olympics, we were people-oriented in designing and building venues,
laying security facilities and arranging media services. We also advocated civilized behavior
among citizens, organized Olympic-related cultural activities in schools and to absorb volunteers
from all walks of life.
“Letting the people share the fruit of the Games has long been one of our objectives. In effort to
ease traffic, we opened new metro lines to extend the total length of track to 200 kilometers from
the current 142 kilometers. At the same time, we kept the prices of public transport low.”
Liu also referred to the renovation of more than 600 ancient city alleyways, 400 old residential
areas and 100-plus main streets in Beijing which improved living conditions for citizens,
especially those low-income people who lived in old alleyways, or hutong.
“We will do our utmost to deal with every detail of the preparation work at this critical stage to
make sure the 2008 Olympic Games will be a great success.”

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